Parish of Eastwood I

The Parsh of Eastwood, lying directly west of the parish of Cathcart, has been on three occasions the scene of excursions of the Society. The first of these visits took place early in the Society's history, Walkmill Glen being the centre of interest. The botany of this locality will be found particularly referred to in the paper in this volume from the pen of Mr. J. Wood, and is again touched on in the account of the excursion to Upper Pollok. On this occasion the picturesque Craig of Carnock was ascended, and here at this late date (26th September) a curious plant of Primula vulgaris was found in flower, with ‘four sepals, four petals, and four stamens, these last united in two pairs’.

The Rouken Glen at Thornliebank was the second locality visited in this parish. Near the bottom of the glen, on the right bank of the stream, the starlings build in some numbers in a retaining wall. The dipper is abundant on the stream, and its nest, composed outwardly of moss and having inside a bottom lining of oak leaves, was taken near the waterfall at the head of the glen. The oak, beech, and hart’s-tongue ferns were gathered, and a profusion of the alternate-leaved golden saxifrage (Chrysosplenium alternifolium) is one of the features of the glen, this form being generally less common in the district than the opposite-leaved one. A small collection of ornamental coniferæ received some attention. Above the picturesque cascade at the top of the glen is a rush-grown dam with a sloping meadow beyond. When the botanical section visited this spot in the spring of 1891, a picture of placid beauty was their reward. On the meadow-land were some young cattle grazing, while over the dam many swallows and sand- martins were hawking. Resting on the turf-capped wall here, one could have watched indefinitely the gyrations of the beautiful hirundines. The water-hen and coot were also noted here, and a nest of the former with eggs seen.

Auldhouse, near Pollokshaws, and Nether Pollok were visited in September, 1888. At the first-mentioned place exists a large rookery, the nests chiefly placed on a double row of limes; but the feature of commanding interest is in the garden, where are to be seen two remarkably fine old Spanish chestnuts (Castanea vulgaris) which Sir John Maxwell, the grand-uncle of the present proprietor, used to show to his friends with excusable pride. The following measurements were taken on the 19th March, 1892, by a party representing the Society:—South tree, 14 feet 2 inches at 4 feet 10 inches. This tree lost a large branch in the storm of 13th October, 1891. North tree, 15 feet 6¾ inches at 5 feet on east side. This tree was measured on the angle as it dips to the north, and shows, as is so common in this species, torsion. At the ground the trunk of this tree measures 22 feet 6 inches.

Plants in the garden which chiefly attracted attention were the meadow-saffron (Colchicum autumnale), chicory (Cichorium Intybus), Virginian spiderwort (Tradescantia virginica), and borage (Borago officinalis). The petty-spurge (Euphorbia Peplus) occurred as a weed.